In this Code, unless the context otherwise requires,—
(a) “bailable offence” means an offence which is shown as bailable in the First Schedule, or
which is made bailable by any other law for the time being in force; and “non-bailable offence”
means any other offence;
(b) “charge” includes any head of charge when the charge contains more heads than one;
(c) “cognizable offence” means an offence for which, and “cognizable case” means a case in
which, a police officer may, in accordance with the First Schedule or under any other law for the time
being in force, arrest without warrant;
(d) “complaint” means any allegation made orally or in writing to a Magistrate, with a view to his
taking action under this Code, that some person, whether known or unknown, has committed an
offence, but does not include a police report.
Explanation.—A report made by a police officer in a case which discloses, after investigation, the
commission of a non-cognizable offence shall be deemed to be a complaint; and the police officer by
whom such report is made shall be deemed to be the complainant;
(e) “High Court” means,—
(i) in relation to any State, the High Court for that State;
(ii) in relation to a Union territory to which the jurisdiction of the High Court for a State has been extended by law, that High Court;
(iii) in relation to any other Union territory, the highest Court of criminal appeal for that territory other than the Supreme Court of India;
(f) “India” means the territories to which this Code extends;
(g) “inquiry” means every inquiry, other than a trial, conducted under this Code by a Magistrate or Court;
(h) “investigation” includes all the proceedings under this Code for the collection of evidence
conducted by a police officer or by any person (other than a Magistrate) who is authorised by a Magistrate in this behalf;
(i) “judicial proceeding” includes any proceeding in the course of which evidence is or may be
legally taken on oath;
(j) “local jurisdiction”, in relation to a Court or Magistrate, means the local area within which the
Court or Magistrate may exercise all or any of its or his powers under this Code 1[and such local area
may comprise the whole of the State, or any part of the State, as the State Government may, by
notification, specify];
(k) “metropolitan area” means the area declared, or deemed to be declared, under section 8, to be
a metropolitan area;
(l) “non-cognizable offence” means an offence for which, and “non-cognizable case” means a
case in which, a police officer has no authority to arrest without warrant;
(m) “notification” means a notification published in the Official Gazette;
(n) “offence” means any act or omission made punishable by any law for the time being in force
and includes any act in respect of which a complaint may be made under section 20 of the Cattletrespass
Act, 1871 (1 of 1871);
(o) “officer in charge of a police station” includes, when the officer in charge of the police station
is absent from the station-house or unable from illness or other cause to perform his duties, the police
officer present at the station-house who is next in rank to such officer and is above the rank of
constable or, when the State Government so directs, any other police officer so present;
(p) “place” includes a house, building, tent, vehicle and vessel;
(q) “pleader”, when used with reference to any proceeding in any Court, means a person
authorised by or under any law for the time being in force, to practise in such Court, and includes any
other person appointed with the permission of the Court to act in such proceeding;
(r) “police report” means a report forwarded by a police officer to a Magistrate under
sub-section (2) of section 173;
(s) “police station” means any post or place declared generally or specially by the State
Government, to be a police station, and includes any local area specified by the State Government in
this behalf;
(t) “prescribed” means prescribed by rules made under this Code;
(u) “Public Prosecutor” means any person appointed under section 24, and includes any person
acting under the directions of a Public Prosecutor;
(v) “sub-division” means a sub-division of a district;
(w) “summons-case” means a case relating to an offence, and not being a warrant-case;
2[(wa) “victim” means a person who has suffered any loss or injury caused by reason of the act or

1. Ins. by Act 45 of 1978, s. 2 (w.e.f. 18-12-1978).
2. Ins. by Act 5 of 2009, s. 2 (w.e.f. 31-12-2009).

omission for which the accused person has been charged and the expression “victim” includes his or
her guardian or legal heir;]
(x) “warrant-case” means a case relating to an offence punishable with death, imprisonment for
life or imprisonment for a term exceeding two years;
(y) words and expressions used herein and not defined but defined in the Indian Penal Code (45
of 1860) have the meanings respectively assigned to them in that Code.

No comment

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published.