(1) The State Government may, by notification, declare that, as from such
date as may be specified in the notification, any area in the State comprising a city or town whose
population exceeds one million shall be a metropolitan area for the purposes of this Code.
(2) As from the commencement of this Code, each of the Presidency-towns of Bombay, Calcutta and
Madras and the city of Ahmedabad shall be deemed to be declared under sub-section (1) to be a
metropolitan area.
(3) The State Government may, by notification, extend, reduce or alter the limits of a metropolitan
area but the reduction or alteration shall not be so made as to reduce the population of such area to less
than one million.
(4) Where, after an area has been declared or deemed to have been declared to be, a metropolitan
area, the population of such area falls below one million, such area shall, on and from such date as the
State Government may, by notification, specify in this behalf, cease to be a metropolitan area; but
notwithstanding such cesser, any inquiry, trial or appeal pending immediately before such cesser before
any Court or Magistrate in such area shall continue to be dealt with under this Code, as if such cesser had
not taken place.
(5) Where the State Government reduces or alters, under sub-section (3), the limits of any
metropolitan area, such reduction or alteration shall not affect any inquiry, trial or appeal pending immediately before such reduction or alteration before any Court or Magistrate, and every such inquiry,
trial or appeal shall continue to be dealt with under this Code as if such reduction or alteration had not
taken place.
Explanation.—In this section, the expression “population” means the population as ascertained at the
last preceding census of which the relevant figures have been published.

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